In general, irony is the expression of meaning by saying the opposite, often to humorous effect. Although there is considerable overlap, there are useful forms of irony often described in literature.
Irony plays an exceptionally important role in the aesthetic and literary and artistic systems of the work; in artistic texts, it refers to elements that have a special weight. Irony, which is always a means of realizing the subjectively estimated modality, is an artistic form of the author՚s evaluation position.
Humor is most effective in the great literary fictional story that lasts and that is written with a structured process, working with logic, consistency, balance and priorities toward a known ending with meaning. Memorable literary fiction is imagined for effective drama and maximum character development. Every story has meaning, most often directly related to an awakening or enlightenment of the character that is self-generated from conflicts and actions in the story. Finally, every successful story is enjoyable, and changes in irreversible ways the thinking of the reader.
1. Kukharenko V. A. “A book of Practice in Stylistics”, M., 1986
2. Galperin I.R. Stylistics. – M.: Higher School, 1977.
3. Leech, G. N., & Short, M. H. (1981). Style in fiction. London: Longman.
4. Raymond Smullyan, “The Planet Without Laughter”, This Book Needs No Title
5. Peter McGraw, “Too close for Comfort, or Too Far to care? Finding Humor in Distant Tragedies and Close Mishaps”
6. Nicholas Kuiper, “Prudence and Racial Humor: Troubling Epithets”
7. Zora Neale Hurston. Their Eyes Were Watching God. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1978.
8. Littlefield, Henry, “The Wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism”. American Quarterly, 1964, 47–58.
9. Lyman Frank Baum, The Annotated Wizard of Oz: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Norton, 2000. p. 101. I
10. Janice M. Bogstad; Philip E. Kaveny (9 August 2011). Picturing Tolkien: Essays on Peter Jackson՚s The Lord of the Rings Film Trilogy. McFarland. p. 189.